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Top 50 Green Finance





Accrued Disposable Income

Best Practice Policy and Regulation for Low Carbon Outcomes in the Built Environment

This study compares and contrasts Australian and global best practices in policy and regulation for the energy and carbon performance of the built environment. It examines the drivers and opportunities for, and barriers to, the adoption of best practices in Australia.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building codes Policy Mix Economic incentives,

Developing a methodology for the ex-post assessment of Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning in Beijing during the 12th Five-Year Plan” period

In order to carry out an ex-post assessment of the completed Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning, a comprehensive ex-post assessment methodology is established.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes Building energy codes

Saving energy is not easy: An impact assessment of Dutch policy to reduce the energy requirements of buildings

The Dutch Government stimulates the application of energy efficiency measures to reduce the energy requirements of buildings, which are responsible for about 20% of the Dutch CO2 emissions. For our assessment, we followed a qualitative approach, due to a lack of data.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Energy Efficiency – the first fuel for the EU Economy: How to drive new finance for energy efficiency investments

The Energy Efficiency Financial Institutions Group (“EFFIG”) identifies the need to engage multiple stakeholder groups, scale-up the use of several financial instruments within a clear and enforced “carrot and stick” legislative framework.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

Energy efficiency obligation schemes: their future in the EU

EU member states have been encouraged to introduce energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOS) to help meet energy saving objectives. As a result, there are now 15 EU EEOS in existence, compared with just six prior to the introduction of the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

ADOPTING DECARBONIZATION POLICIES FOR THE BUILDINGS AND CONSTRUCTION SECTOR: Cost and Benefits

The building sector is not on track to lower total greenhouse gas emissions. Given that emissions from the sector represent nearly 40% of global energy-and process-related emissions, this represents a serious challenge to keeping global warming to 1.5oC.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Document
  • Building energy codes Benchmarking and Building Disclosure Economic incentives Policy Mix

The path towards buildings energy efficiency in South American countries

Nowadays, energy efficiency (EE) is presented as a reliable strategy towards sustainable development, but its application has not been developed equitably worldwide, since most EE policies have been implemented in industrialised nations, and developing countries are still in the process of improv
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Energiesprong Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

Multiple benefits of investing in energy efficient renovation of buildings

The work carried out by Copenhagen Economics for the Renovate Europe Campaign broke new ground in the debate around the benefits of investing in energy efficiency and has, in several ways, advanced the EU agenda in this topic.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

National Energy Productivity Plan: Work Plan

The National Energy Productivity Plan (NEPP) is a package of measures to improve Australia’s energy productivity by 40% between 2015 and 2030. The NEPP is delivered jointly between the Australian Government and the state and territory governments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Mind the gap: A social sciences review of energy efficiency

Energy efficiency is a complex concept which is represented in diverse fields including engineering, economics, energy, computer sciences, environmental sciences, mathematics and physics.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Heterogeneous Price Premiums in Sustainable Real Estate? An Investigation of the Relation between Value and Price Premiums

Focusing on the voluntary LEED and ENERGY STAR environmental certification schemes in the United States, we investigate whether price premiums exist across all building value categories or are localized to specific value segments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Building codes Building energy codes

Overview of State Policies for Energy Efficiency in Buildings

This paper introduces the major state-level regulations and policies for improving energy efficiency in buildings. The purpose of the review is to discuss the challenges and issues in policy implementation and the latest trend in adopting innovative instruments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Lead by Example Policies Lost Revenue Adjustment Mechanism (LRAM) Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) one-stop shops for home renovations Building energy codes

Beyond an ‘informed opinion’: evidence-based practice in the built environment

This study examines the sources of evidence that influence decision-makers who design or develop office buildings, and aims to explain why some managers engage more in evidence-based practice (EBP) than others.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • deep renovation Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification Policy Mix Building codes Building energy codes

Benefits of energy efficiency programs for residential buildings in Bahrain

This paper outlines the approach and the cost-effectiveness potential for designing and retrofitting residential buildings to be energy-efficient in Bahrain. The analysis is focused on residential buildings since these buildings consume over 48% of the total electricity used in Bahrain.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building codes Retrofitting

Boosting building renovation: An overview of good practices

The main aim of this report is to contribute to the exchange of good practices and to support EU MS by providing potential ideas for the elaboration of long-term renovation plans.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Lead by Example Policies Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes

A comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in China: status quo and development perspective

This article is concerned with a comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in light of improvements in energy performance, living standards and climate change mitigation in China's built environment.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building codes Building energy codes

Energy poverty policies and measures in 5 EU countries: A comparative study

Energy Poverty (EP) is the inability to attain a socially and materially necessitated level of domestic energy services. In the EU this occurs primarily due to low incomes, poor energy performance of buildings and high energy costs.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes

In 2009, the European Union adopted high-level goals for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and greenhouse gas reductions with targets set toward the year 2020.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building energy codes Energy Efficiency Obligations

From Brown to Green: SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS IN LEGACY CITIES

The research examines the installation of sustainable (green) property development, typified by Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification in legacy cities in comparison to non-legacy cities.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Building codes Building energy codes

Creditworthiness and climate: Identifying a hidden financial co-benefit of municipal climate adaptation and mitigation policies

Municipal policies can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help to mitigate climate change. It is often unclear why cities would adopt such policies, however, given that the benefits from climate mitigation will be felt globally, rather than exclusively locally.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

Unlocking the Inclusive Growth Story of the 21st Century: Accelerating Climate Action in Urgent Times

Pricing carbon and moving toward mandatory disclosure of climate-related financial risks, as part of a broader policy package. Accelerating investment in sustainable infrastructure, supported by clear national and sub-national strategies and programmes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS)

Handbook of Sustainable Building Policies

A practical decision support pack to aid policy makers and experts in developing countries.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification

Energy efficiency as a means to expand energy access: A Uganda roadmap

While energy efficiency can contribute significantly towards improving access to modern energy services, energy sector investments in many developing countries have largely focused on increasing energy access by increasing supply.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

Why do homeowners renovate energy efficiently? Contrasting perspectives and implications for policy

This paper contrasts two perspectives on energy efficient home renovations from applied behavioural research on energy efficiency and from sociological research on homes and domestic life.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Marketing and Information Campaigns one-stop shops for home renovations

Analysis of the transition effects of building codes and regulations on the emergence of a low carbon residential building sector

It is now established that energy use in buildings is a significant source of global greenhouse gas emissions and that abatement by the building sector can provide significant social, economic and environmental benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Dynamic Pricing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

System dynamics modeling for urban energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A case study of Beijing, China

It is clear that city must be part of the solution if an urbanizing world is to grapple successfully with ecological challenges such as energy depletion and climate change.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes Building energy codes

Internal and external barriers to energy efficiency: which role for policy interventions?

This paper reviews the empirical literature that provides a correlation between the different barriers to energy efficiency and consumer behavior related to two domains.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Implementing the cost-optimal methodology in EU countries

This study presents three cost-optimal calculations. The overall aim is to provide a deeper analysis and to provide additional guidance on how to properly implement the cost-optimality methodology in Member States.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

The Operating Expense Puzzle of U.S. Green Office Buildings

Cost savings from efficiency gains are at the core of the green building business case. Significantly lower energy bills are said to be a major factor in the green rent premium observed in earlier studies.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Policy Mix, Labelling and Certification

The Macroeconomic and Other Benefits of Energy Efficiency

This report sets out the positive and negative impacts of improvements in energy efficiency in buildings that could come about through a recast of the Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes Building energy codes

A statistical analysis of the energy effectiveness of building refurbishment

Owing to the rapid urban growth of past decades, the refurbishment of buildings has become a central topic of city development. A key aspect of building renovations deals with energy saving, both for economic and environmental concerns.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification

A framework for assessing and implementing the co-benefits of nature-based solutions in urban areas

To address challenges associated with climate resilience, health and well-being in urban areas, current policy platforms are shifting their focus from ecosystem-based to nature-based solutions (NBS), broadly defined as solutions to societal challenges that are inspired and supported by nature.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR), Nature Based Solutions

The Relevance of Green Building Practice in Emerging Markets: A Perceptual Analysis of Commercial and Industrial Building Users in Ibadan, Nigeria

In this study, we examine the operational challenges of existing green building related features/systems to develop hypotheses about factors that will increase the demand for green buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns

Energy and Emissions in the Building Sector: A Comparison of Three Policies and Their Combinations

Standards, subsidies, and carbon taxes are among the measures often considered to reduce energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions in the buildings sector. Using a modeling system developed by the U.S.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes Economic incentives

Role of knowledge and policies as drivers for low-energy housing: Case studies from the United Kingdom

Addressing housing-related energy consumption and emissions is a challenge in many countries. Low-energy housing, e.g. whole house retrofits and zero-energy new houses, is still rare in the United Kingdom, yet very much required to reduce emissions.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong Policy Mix Retrofitting

The international implications of national and local coordination on building energy codes: Case studies in six cities

Building energy efficiency is an important strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions globally. In fact, 55 countries have included building energy efficiency in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building energy codes

ADDRESSING FINANCIAL OBJECTIONS TO SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

This article provides useful information that could help you address some barriers to sustainable initiatives: Every executive that you speak to is aware that data can be manipulated and may be skeptical of studies conducted by organizations that could benefit from a particular set of results.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Policy Mix Building codes

INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY RATING SCHEMES

This project, “International Review of Residential Building Energy Efficiency Rating Schemes”, is the fifth project in a series of work conducted through the Building Energy Efficiency Task Group (BEET), under the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix Building codes Building energy codes

Urban Efficiency: A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities

A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities is a resource for city officials around the world as they design new policies for building energy efficiency, or review existing ones.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Display Energy Certificate (DEC) Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings, Policies and Actions: 2nd Edition

The UN Sustainable Energy for All initiative aims to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030.i Efficient buildings are vital to achieving sustainable development because they align economic, social, and environmental objectives, creating triple bottom line benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income

REVIEW OF COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ENERGY SAVINGS: Task 1 Report ‘Energy Savings 2030’

This report is the first report of the ‘Energy Savings 2030’-project which seeks to help the Coalition for Energy Savings to produce a robust and timely input to the 2030 policy discussion.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) one-stop shops for home renovations Building Codes

Key Issues in Buildings Energy Efficiency Programs

The EU and Australia have instituted significant new public policies to promote energy efficiency in the “built environment.” Many of these public policies were motivated by the same concerns that led to the pioneering voluntary initiatives of Green Building Councils (especially the LEED design c
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix

How to reduce household carbon emissions: A review of experience and policy design considerations

Global warming and environment problems caused by the excessive emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs), along with rapid economic development has attracted the attention of many countries and regions of the world. Reducing GHG emissions is essential to mitigate the threat of global warming.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) deep renovation Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Policy Mix Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes

The social return on investment in the energy efficiency of buildings in Germany

The German government has developed a variety of policy instruments intended to reduce national CO2 emissions. These instruments include a programme administered by KfW bank, which aims at improving the energy efficiency of buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF)

Motivating stakeholders to deliver change: Tokyo's Cap-and-Trade Program

In April 2010 the Tokyo Metropolitan Government launched the Tokyo Cap-and-Trade Program to reduce energy consumption-related CO2 emissions at the city level. This is the world's first cap-and-trade programme to cover buildings in the commercial, industrial and public sectors.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • deep renovation Energy Audit and Assessment cap-and-trade

NATIONAL ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY PLAN: ANNUAL REPORT

This Annual Report covers the second in a 15-year plan and shows that the NEPP has continued to progress well. Throughout 2017, measures across the work plan have advanced and many have achieved significant outcomes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

Energy efficiency in U.S. residential rental housing: Adoption rates and impact on rent

For 118 million residential housing units in the U.S., there is currently a gap between the potential energy savings that can be achieved through the use of existing energy efficiency technologies, and the actual level of energy savings realized, particularly for the 37% of housing units that are
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

Focused acceleration: A strategic approach to climate action in cities to 2030

There is now widespread recognition in the international community that the commitments made by national governments under the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015 cannot be achieved without concerted action by cities.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes

Capital accumulation

Overview of State Policies for Energy Efficiency in Buildings

This paper introduces the major state-level regulations and policies for improving energy efficiency in buildings. The purpose of the review is to discuss the challenges and issues in policy implementation and the latest trend in adopting innovative instruments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Lead by Example Policies Lost Revenue Adjustment Mechanism (LRAM) Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) one-stop shops for home renovations Building energy codes

Beyond an ‘informed opinion’: evidence-based practice in the built environment

This study examines the sources of evidence that influence decision-makers who design or develop office buildings, and aims to explain why some managers engage more in evidence-based practice (EBP) than others.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • deep renovation Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification Policy Mix Building codes Building energy codes

INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY RATING SCHEMES

This project, “International Review of Residential Building Energy Efficiency Rating Schemes”, is the fifth project in a series of work conducted through the Building Energy Efficiency Task Group (BEET), under the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix Building codes Building energy codes

Urban Efficiency: A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities

A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities is a resource for city officials around the world as they design new policies for building energy efficiency, or review existing ones.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Display Energy Certificate (DEC) Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings, Policies and Actions: 2nd Edition

The UN Sustainable Energy for All initiative aims to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030.i Efficient buildings are vital to achieving sustainable development because they align economic, social, and environmental objectives, creating triple bottom line benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income

REVIEW OF COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ENERGY SAVINGS: Task 1 Report ‘Energy Savings 2030’

This report is the first report of the ‘Energy Savings 2030’-project which seeks to help the Coalition for Energy Savings to produce a robust and timely input to the 2030 policy discussion.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) one-stop shops for home renovations Building Codes

Key Issues in Buildings Energy Efficiency Programs

The EU and Australia have instituted significant new public policies to promote energy efficiency in the “built environment.” Many of these public policies were motivated by the same concerns that led to the pioneering voluntary initiatives of Green Building Councils (especially the LEED design c
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix

How to reduce household carbon emissions: A review of experience and policy design considerations

Global warming and environment problems caused by the excessive emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs), along with rapid economic development has attracted the attention of many countries and regions of the world. Reducing GHG emissions is essential to mitigate the threat of global warming.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) deep renovation Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Policy Mix Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes

The path towards buildings energy efficiency in South American countries

Nowadays, energy efficiency (EE) is presented as a reliable strategy towards sustainable development, but its application has not been developed equitably worldwide, since most EE policies have been implemented in industrialised nations, and developing countries are still in the process of improv
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Energiesprong Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

Multiple benefits of investing in energy efficient renovation of buildings

The work carried out by Copenhagen Economics for the Renovate Europe Campaign broke new ground in the debate around the benefits of investing in energy efficiency and has, in several ways, advanced the EU agenda in this topic.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

National Energy Productivity Plan: Work Plan

The National Energy Productivity Plan (NEPP) is a package of measures to improve Australia’s energy productivity by 40% between 2015 and 2030. The NEPP is delivered jointly between the Australian Government and the state and territory governments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Mind the gap: A social sciences review of energy efficiency

Energy efficiency is a complex concept which is represented in diverse fields including engineering, economics, energy, computer sciences, environmental sciences, mathematics and physics.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Heterogeneous Price Premiums in Sustainable Real Estate? An Investigation of the Relation between Value and Price Premiums

Focusing on the voluntary LEED and ENERGY STAR environmental certification schemes in the United States, we investigate whether price premiums exist across all building value categories or are localized to specific value segments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Building codes Building energy codes

Analysis of the transition effects of building codes and regulations on the emergence of a low carbon residential building sector

It is now established that energy use in buildings is a significant source of global greenhouse gas emissions and that abatement by the building sector can provide significant social, economic and environmental benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Dynamic Pricing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

System dynamics modeling for urban energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A case study of Beijing, China

It is clear that city must be part of the solution if an urbanizing world is to grapple successfully with ecological challenges such as energy depletion and climate change.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes Building energy codes

Best Practice Policy and Regulation for Low Carbon Outcomes in the Built Environment

This study compares and contrasts Australian and global best practices in policy and regulation for the energy and carbon performance of the built environment. It examines the drivers and opportunities for, and barriers to, the adoption of best practices in Australia.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building codes Policy Mix Economic incentives,

Developing a methodology for the ex-post assessment of Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning in Beijing during the 12th Five-Year Plan” period

In order to carry out an ex-post assessment of the completed Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning, a comprehensive ex-post assessment methodology is established.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes Building energy codes

Saving energy is not easy: An impact assessment of Dutch policy to reduce the energy requirements of buildings

The Dutch Government stimulates the application of energy efficiency measures to reduce the energy requirements of buildings, which are responsible for about 20% of the Dutch CO2 emissions. For our assessment, we followed a qualitative approach, due to a lack of data.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Energy Efficiency – the first fuel for the EU Economy: How to drive new finance for energy efficiency investments

The Energy Efficiency Financial Institutions Group (“EFFIG”) identifies the need to engage multiple stakeholder groups, scale-up the use of several financial instruments within a clear and enforced “carrot and stick” legislative framework.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

Energy efficiency obligation schemes: their future in the EU

EU member states have been encouraged to introduce energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOS) to help meet energy saving objectives. As a result, there are now 15 EU EEOS in existence, compared with just six prior to the introduction of the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

ADOPTING DECARBONIZATION POLICIES FOR THE BUILDINGS AND CONSTRUCTION SECTOR: Cost and Benefits

The building sector is not on track to lower total greenhouse gas emissions. Given that emissions from the sector represent nearly 40% of global energy-and process-related emissions, this represents a serious challenge to keeping global warming to 1.5oC.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Document
  • Building energy codes Benchmarking and Building Disclosure Economic incentives Policy Mix

From Brown to Green: SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS IN LEGACY CITIES

The research examines the installation of sustainable (green) property development, typified by Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification in legacy cities in comparison to non-legacy cities.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Building codes Building energy codes

Creditworthiness and climate: Identifying a hidden financial co-benefit of municipal climate adaptation and mitigation policies

Municipal policies can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help to mitigate climate change. It is often unclear why cities would adopt such policies, however, given that the benefits from climate mitigation will be felt globally, rather than exclusively locally.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

Unlocking the Inclusive Growth Story of the 21st Century: Accelerating Climate Action in Urgent Times

Pricing carbon and moving toward mandatory disclosure of climate-related financial risks, as part of a broader policy package. Accelerating investment in sustainable infrastructure, supported by clear national and sub-national strategies and programmes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS)

Handbook of Sustainable Building Policies

A practical decision support pack to aid policy makers and experts in developing countries.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification

Energy efficiency as a means to expand energy access: A Uganda roadmap

While energy efficiency can contribute significantly towards improving access to modern energy services, energy sector investments in many developing countries have largely focused on increasing energy access by increasing supply.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

Why do homeowners renovate energy efficiently? Contrasting perspectives and implications for policy

This paper contrasts two perspectives on energy efficient home renovations from applied behavioural research on energy efficiency and from sociological research on homes and domestic life.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Marketing and Information Campaigns one-stop shops for home renovations

The international implications of national and local coordination on building energy codes: Case studies in six cities

Building energy efficiency is an important strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions globally. In fact, 55 countries have included building energy efficiency in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building energy codes

BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY POLICIES: BEST PRACTICE POLICIES AND POLICY PACKAGES

The review of policies being implemented in China, the EU, India and the US presented in this report has also identified some key challenges that we must address if we are going to realize the mitigation potential of the building sector.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Loan Loss Reserves Building codes

Benefits of energy efficiency programs for residential buildings in Bahrain

This paper outlines the approach and the cost-effectiveness potential for designing and retrofitting residential buildings to be energy-efficient in Bahrain. The analysis is focused on residential buildings since these buildings consume over 48% of the total electricity used in Bahrain.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building codes Retrofitting

Boosting building renovation: An overview of good practices

The main aim of this report is to contribute to the exchange of good practices and to support EU MS by providing potential ideas for the elaboration of long-term renovation plans.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Lead by Example Policies Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes

A comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in China: status quo and development perspective

This article is concerned with a comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in light of improvements in energy performance, living standards and climate change mitigation in China's built environment.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building codes Building energy codes

Energy poverty policies and measures in 5 EU countries: A comparative study

Energy Poverty (EP) is the inability to attain a socially and materially necessitated level of domestic energy services. In the EU this occurs primarily due to low incomes, poor energy performance of buildings and high energy costs.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes

In 2009, the European Union adopted high-level goals for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and greenhouse gas reductions with targets set toward the year 2020.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building energy codes Energy Efficiency Obligations

A statistical analysis of the energy effectiveness of building refurbishment

Owing to the rapid urban growth of past decades, the refurbishment of buildings has become a central topic of city development. A key aspect of building renovations deals with energy saving, both for economic and environmental concerns.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification

A framework for assessing and implementing the co-benefits of nature-based solutions in urban areas

To address challenges associated with climate resilience, health and well-being in urban areas, current policy platforms are shifting their focus from ecosystem-based to nature-based solutions (NBS), broadly defined as solutions to societal challenges that are inspired and supported by nature.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR), Nature Based Solutions

The Relevance of Green Building Practice in Emerging Markets: A Perceptual Analysis of Commercial and Industrial Building Users in Ibadan, Nigeria

In this study, we examine the operational challenges of existing green building related features/systems to develop hypotheses about factors that will increase the demand for green buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns

Energy and Emissions in the Building Sector: A Comparison of Three Policies and Their Combinations

Standards, subsidies, and carbon taxes are among the measures often considered to reduce energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions in the buildings sector. Using a modeling system developed by the U.S.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes Economic incentives

Role of knowledge and policies as drivers for low-energy housing: Case studies from the United Kingdom

Addressing housing-related energy consumption and emissions is a challenge in many countries. Low-energy housing, e.g. whole house retrofits and zero-energy new houses, is still rare in the United Kingdom, yet very much required to reduce emissions.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong Policy Mix Retrofitting

ADDRESSING FINANCIAL OBJECTIONS TO SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

This article provides useful information that could help you address some barriers to sustainable initiatives: Every executive that you speak to is aware that data can be manipulated and may be skeptical of studies conducted by organizations that could benefit from a particular set of results.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Policy Mix Building codes

Internal and external barriers to energy efficiency: which role for policy interventions?

This paper reviews the empirical literature that provides a correlation between the different barriers to energy efficiency and consumer behavior related to two domains.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Implementing the cost-optimal methodology in EU countries

This study presents three cost-optimal calculations. The overall aim is to provide a deeper analysis and to provide additional guidance on how to properly implement the cost-optimality methodology in Member States.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

The Operating Expense Puzzle of U.S. Green Office Buildings

Cost savings from efficiency gains are at the core of the green building business case. Significantly lower energy bills are said to be a major factor in the green rent premium observed in earlier studies.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Policy Mix, Labelling and Certification

The Macroeconomic and Other Benefits of Energy Efficiency

This report sets out the positive and negative impacts of improvements in energy efficiency in buildings that could come about through a recast of the Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes Building energy codes

The social return on investment in the energy efficiency of buildings in Germany

The German government has developed a variety of policy instruments intended to reduce national CO2 emissions. These instruments include a programme administered by KfW bank, which aims at improving the energy efficiency of buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF)

Motivating stakeholders to deliver change: Tokyo's Cap-and-Trade Program

In April 2010 the Tokyo Metropolitan Government launched the Tokyo Cap-and-Trade Program to reduce energy consumption-related CO2 emissions at the city level. This is the world's first cap-and-trade programme to cover buildings in the commercial, industrial and public sectors.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • deep renovation Energy Audit and Assessment cap-and-trade

NATIONAL ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY PLAN: ANNUAL REPORT

This Annual Report covers the second in a 15-year plan and shows that the NEPP has continued to progress well. Throughout 2017, measures across the work plan have advanced and many have achieved significant outcomes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

Energy efficiency in U.S. residential rental housing: Adoption rates and impact on rent

For 118 million residential housing units in the U.S., there is currently a gap between the potential energy savings that can be achieved through the use of existing energy efficiency technologies, and the actual level of energy savings realized, particularly for the 37% of housing units that are
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

Investment Driver

The international implications of national and local coordination on building energy codes: Case studies in six cities

Building energy efficiency is an important strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions globally. In fact, 55 countries have included building energy efficiency in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building energy codes

Analysis of the transition effects of building codes and regulations on the emergence of a low carbon residential building sector

It is now established that energy use in buildings is a significant source of global greenhouse gas emissions and that abatement by the building sector can provide significant social, economic and environmental benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Dynamic Pricing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Beyond an ‘informed opinion’: evidence-based practice in the built environment

This study examines the sources of evidence that influence decision-makers who design or develop office buildings, and aims to explain why some managers engage more in evidence-based practice (EBP) than others.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • deep renovation Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification Policy Mix Building codes Building energy codes

BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY POLICIES: BEST PRACTICE POLICIES AND POLICY PACKAGES

The review of policies being implemented in China, the EU, India and the US presented in this report has also identified some key challenges that we must address if we are going to realize the mitigation potential of the building sector.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Loan Loss Reserves Building codes

Internal and external barriers to energy efficiency: which role for policy interventions?

This paper reviews the empirical literature that provides a correlation between the different barriers to energy efficiency and consumer behavior related to two domains.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Building governance and climate change: roles for regulation and related policies

The contribution of buildings to climate change has become widely acknowledged. On 3 December 2015, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) held the first ‘buildings day’ at COP 21 (the UN Climate Change Conference) devoted to the decarbonization of the building stock.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Document
  • Dynamic Pricing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

A comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in China: status quo and development perspective

This article is concerned with a comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in light of improvements in energy performance, living standards and climate change mitigation in China's built environment.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building codes Building energy codes

Setting a standard for electricity pilot studies

In-home displays, dynamic pricing, and automated devices aim to reduce residential electricity use—overall and during peak hours. We present a meta-analysis of 32 studies of the impacts of these interventions, conducted in the US or Canada.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Document
  • Demand-Side Management (DSM) Dynamic Pricing Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes

Energy efficiency obligation schemes: their future in the EU

EU member states have been encouraged to introduce energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOS) to help meet energy saving objectives. As a result, there are now 15 EU EEOS in existence, compared with just six prior to the introduction of the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

Energy consumption and efficiency in buildings: current status and future trends

The building sector is considered as the biggest single contributor to world energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, a good understanding of the nature and structure of energy use in buildings is crucial for establishing the adequate future energy and climate change policies.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) Marketing and Information Campaigns energy audits and assessments

How Much? The Cost of Alleviating Fuel Poverty

Tackling fuel poverty requires significant capital investment, but it is also important to ensure that measures are directed at those who most need them in order to optimise the outcomes with regard to policy objectives.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier

From Brown to Green: SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS IN LEGACY CITIES

The research examines the installation of sustainable (green) property development, typified by Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification in legacy cities in comparison to non-legacy cities.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Building codes Building energy codes

Motivating stakeholders to deliver change: Tokyo's Cap-and-Trade Program

In April 2010 the Tokyo Metropolitan Government launched the Tokyo Cap-and-Trade Program to reduce energy consumption-related CO2 emissions at the city level. This is the world's first cap-and-trade programme to cover buildings in the commercial, industrial and public sectors.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • deep renovation Energy Audit and Assessment cap-and-trade

Unlocking the Inclusive Growth Story of the 21st Century: Accelerating Climate Action in Urgent Times

Pricing carbon and moving toward mandatory disclosure of climate-related financial risks, as part of a broader policy package. Accelerating investment in sustainable infrastructure, supported by clear national and sub-national strategies and programmes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS)

Handbook of Sustainable Building Policies

A practical decision support pack to aid policy makers and experts in developing countries.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification

Trajectory for Low Energy Buildings - Infrastructure and Customer Impacts

Proposed changes flowing from the former Council of Australian Government’s Trajectory for Low Energy Buildings project1 (the trajectory) are expected to reduce annual electricity consumption of new and refurbished residential and commercial premises by 36 TWh by 2050, compared to current standar
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Building codes

Energy efficiency in U.S. residential rental housing: Adoption rates and impact on rent

For 118 million residential housing units in the U.S., there is currently a gap between the potential energy savings that can be achieved through the use of existing energy efficiency technologies, and the actual level of energy savings realized, particularly for the 37% of housing units that are
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

Willingness to Pay for Green Buildings: Empirical Evidence from Switzerland

The demand for green buildings and to what extent firms will pay a premium price compared to conventional buildings is a lively debate. Policy instruments like the Swiss CO2-enactment and the Swiss Building Program encourage and incentivize investments in energy-efficient properties.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes Retrofitting

ADDRESSING FINANCIAL OBJECTIONS TO SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

This article provides useful information that could help you address some barriers to sustainable initiatives: Every executive that you speak to is aware that data can be manipulated and may be skeptical of studies conducted by organizations that could benefit from a particular set of results.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Policy Mix Building codes

INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY RATING SCHEMES

This project, “International Review of Residential Building Energy Efficiency Rating Schemes”, is the fifth project in a series of work conducted through the Building Energy Efficiency Task Group (BEET), under the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix Building codes Building energy codes

Cost optimal building performance requirements

In the recast Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) adopted in May 2010, a benchmarking mechanism for national energy performance requirements was introduced.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building energy codes

REVIEW OF COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ENERGY SAVINGS: Task 1 Report ‘Energy Savings 2030’

This report is the first report of the ‘Energy Savings 2030’-project which seeks to help the Coalition for Energy Savings to produce a robust and timely input to the 2030 policy discussion.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) one-stop shops for home renovations Building Codes

Energy poverty policies and measures in 5 EU countries: A comparative study

Energy Poverty (EP) is the inability to attain a socially and materially necessitated level of domestic energy services. In the EU this occurs primarily due to low incomes, poor energy performance of buildings and high energy costs.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes

In 2009, the European Union adopted high-level goals for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and greenhouse gas reductions with targets set toward the year 2020.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building energy codes Energy Efficiency Obligations

How to reduce household carbon emissions: A review of experience and policy design considerations

Global warming and environment problems caused by the excessive emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs), along with rapid economic development has attracted the attention of many countries and regions of the world. Reducing GHG emissions is essential to mitigate the threat of global warming.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) deep renovation Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Policy Mix Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes

The social return on investment in the energy efficiency of buildings in Germany

The German government has developed a variety of policy instruments intended to reduce national CO2 emissions. These instruments include a programme administered by KfW bank, which aims at improving the energy efficiency of buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF)

Multiple benefits of investing in energy efficient renovation of buildings

The work carried out by Copenhagen Economics for the Renovate Europe Campaign broke new ground in the debate around the benefits of investing in energy efficiency and has, in several ways, advanced the EU agenda in this topic.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

Nature-Based Solutions for Europe's Sustainable Development

Pursuing economic targets of job creation, growth, and innovation while tackling global environmental challenges, has long been seen as impossible. However, any long-term economic competitiveness and security depends on the extent to which natural resources are used sustainably.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver

Drivers for green building: A review of empirical studies

This paper presents a comprehensive literature review of what drives the adoption of green building (GB) practices among construction stakeholders. The review is based on literature that have been published in peer-reviewed journals.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Document
  • premium clients and high rental returns Soft Landings Economic incentives

Energy efficiency as a means to expand energy access: A Uganda roadmap

While energy efficiency can contribute significantly towards improving access to modern energy services, energy sector investments in many developing countries have largely focused on increasing energy access by increasing supply.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

Heterogeneous Price Premiums in Sustainable Real Estate? An Investigation of the Relation between Value and Price Premiums

Focusing on the voluntary LEED and ENERGY STAR environmental certification schemes in the United States, we investigate whether price premiums exist across all building value categories or are localized to specific value segments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Building codes Building energy codes

Greening the Construction Industry in Zimbabwe

The chapter sought to evaluate the implementation of green construction in the construction industry in Zimbabwe and its contribution towards enhancing sustainability in construction practice.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver

Overview of State Policies for Energy Efficiency in Buildings

This paper introduces the major state-level regulations and policies for improving energy efficiency in buildings. The purpose of the review is to discuss the challenges and issues in policy implementation and the latest trend in adopting innovative instruments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Lead by Example Policies Lost Revenue Adjustment Mechanism (LRAM) Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) one-stop shops for home renovations Building energy codes

Implementing sustainability in the built environment

This report presents the outcomes of a pilot study exploring how the building and planning system is delivering a sustainable built environment in Australia.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes

Buildings: investing in energy and resource efficiency

Key messages 1. The Buildings sector of today has an oversized ecological footprint. The buildings sector is the single largest contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), with approximately one third of global energy end use taking place within buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Document
  • Retrofitting deep renovation Building codes

ENERGY IN BUILDINGs: 50 BEST PRACTICE INITIATIVES

The Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) commissioned Energy in Buildings: 50 Best Practice Initiatives as a practical, user-friendly resource for property owners and managers, hoping that this will lead to greater awareness and implementation of initiatives across the property industry to red
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • decoupling Building codes Building energy codes

Best Practice Policy and Regulation for Low Carbon Outcomes in the Built Environment

This study compares and contrasts Australian and global best practices in policy and regulation for the energy and carbon performance of the built environment. It examines the drivers and opportunities for, and barriers to, the adoption of best practices in Australia.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building codes Policy Mix Economic incentives,

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings, Policies and Actions: 2nd Edition

The UN Sustainable Energy for All initiative aims to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030.i Efficient buildings are vital to achieving sustainable development because they align economic, social, and environmental objectives, creating triple bottom line benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income

The Operating Expense Puzzle of U.S. Green Office Buildings

Cost savings from efficiency gains are at the core of the green building business case. Significantly lower energy bills are said to be a major factor in the green rent premium observed in earlier studies.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Policy Mix, Labelling and Certification

Energy Efficiency – the first fuel for the EU Economy: How to drive new finance for energy efficiency investments

The Energy Efficiency Financial Institutions Group (“EFFIG”) identifies the need to engage multiple stakeholder groups, scale-up the use of several financial instruments within a clear and enforced “carrot and stick” legislative framework.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

The Macroeconomic and Other Benefits of Energy Efficiency

This report sets out the positive and negative impacts of improvements in energy efficiency in buildings that could come about through a recast of the Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes Building energy codes

ADOPTING DECARBONIZATION POLICIES FOR THE BUILDINGS AND CONSTRUCTION SECTOR: Cost and Benefits

The building sector is not on track to lower total greenhouse gas emissions. Given that emissions from the sector represent nearly 40% of global energy-and process-related emissions, this represents a serious challenge to keeping global warming to 1.5oC.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Document
  • Building energy codes Benchmarking and Building Disclosure Economic incentives Policy Mix

The path towards buildings energy efficiency in South American countries

Nowadays, energy efficiency (EE) is presented as a reliable strategy towards sustainable development, but its application has not been developed equitably worldwide, since most EE policies have been implemented in industrialised nations, and developing countries are still in the process of improv
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Energiesprong Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

Making carbon pricing work for citizens

The gap between actual carbon prices and those required to achieve ambitious climate change mitigation could be closed by enhancing the public acceptability of carbon pricing through appropriate use of the revenues raised.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Document
  • Dynamic Pricing Economic incentives

Creditworthiness and climate: Identifying a hidden financial co-benefit of municipal climate adaptation and mitigation policies

Municipal policies can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help to mitigate climate change. It is often unclear why cities would adopt such policies, however, given that the benefits from climate mitigation will be felt globally, rather than exclusively locally.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

Characterisation of Nature-Based Solutions for the Built Environment

Nature has provided humankind with food, fuel, and shelter throughout evolutionary history. However, in contemporary cities, many natural landscapes have become degraded and replaced with impermeable hard surfaces (e.g., roads, paving, car parks and buildings).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver

NATIONAL ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY PLAN: ANNUAL REPORT

This Annual Report covers the second in a 15-year plan and shows that the NEPP has continued to progress well. Throughout 2017, measures across the work plan have advanced and many have achieved significant outcomes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

The Relevance of Green Building Practice in Emerging Markets: A Perceptual Analysis of Commercial and Industrial Building Users in Ibadan, Nigeria

In this study, we examine the operational challenges of existing green building related features/systems to develop hypotheses about factors that will increase the demand for green buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns

Policy Challenges for the Built Environment: The Dilemma of the Existing Building Stock

The built environment accounts for approximately forty percent of the total energy consumption in developed countries. Because buildings have a long life, the greatest opportunity for energy reduction in the built environment will come from energy conservation in the existing building stock.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building Code Economic incentives Marketing and Information Campaigns

The construction of Shenzhen׳s carbon emission trading scheme

The Shenzhen ETS is the first urban-level “cap-and-trade” carbon emissions trading scheme to operate in China. This paper gives an overview of the economic and emissions situation in Shenzhen and focuses on the development of the Shenzhen ETS regulatory framework.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver

Energy and Emissions in the Building Sector: A Comparison of Three Policies and Their Combinations

Standards, subsidies, and carbon taxes are among the measures often considered to reduce energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions in the buildings sector. Using a modeling system developed by the U.S.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes Economic incentives

Role of knowledge and policies as drivers for low-energy housing: Case studies from the United Kingdom

Addressing housing-related energy consumption and emissions is a challenge in many countries. Low-energy housing, e.g. whole house retrofits and zero-energy new houses, is still rare in the United Kingdom, yet very much required to reduce emissions.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong Policy Mix Retrofitting

Why do homeowners renovate energy efficiently? Contrasting perspectives and implications for policy

This paper contrasts two perspectives on energy efficient home renovations from applied behavioural research on energy efficiency and from sociological research on homes and domestic life.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Marketing and Information Campaigns one-stop shops for home renovations

USING DATA FOR POLICY: A MANUAL FOR C40 CITIES

This manual provides guidance and best practices on how to use data for developing and implementing policy on building energy efficiency. The primary audience for this manual are the C40 cities in the Private Building Efficiency (PBE) network and the Municipal Building Efficiency (MBE) network.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Document
  • Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Building energy codes

System dynamics modeling for urban energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A case study of Beijing, China

It is clear that city must be part of the solution if an urbanizing world is to grapple successfully with ecological challenges such as energy depletion and climate change.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes Building energy codes

Benefits of energy efficiency programs for residential buildings in Bahrain

This paper outlines the approach and the cost-effectiveness potential for designing and retrofitting residential buildings to be energy-efficient in Bahrain. The analysis is focused on residential buildings since these buildings consume over 48% of the total electricity used in Bahrain.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building codes Retrofitting

Boosting building renovation: An overview of good practices

The main aim of this report is to contribute to the exchange of good practices and to support EU MS by providing potential ideas for the elaboration of long-term renovation plans.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Lead by Example Policies Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes

Implementing the cost-optimal methodology in EU countries

This study presents three cost-optimal calculations. The overall aim is to provide a deeper analysis and to provide additional guidance on how to properly implement the cost-optimality methodology in Member States.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation

Urban Efficiency: A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities

A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities is a resource for city officials around the world as they design new policies for building energy efficiency, or review existing ones.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Display Energy Certificate (DEC) Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Developing a methodology for the ex-post assessment of Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning in Beijing during the 12th Five-Year Plan” period

In order to carry out an ex-post assessment of the completed Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning, a comprehensive ex-post assessment methodology is established.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes Building energy codes

Saving energy is not easy: An impact assessment of Dutch policy to reduce the energy requirements of buildings

The Dutch Government stimulates the application of energy efficiency measures to reduce the energy requirements of buildings, which are responsible for about 20% of the Dutch CO2 emissions. For our assessment, we followed a qualitative approach, due to a lack of data.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Key Issues in Buildings Energy Efficiency Programs

The EU and Australia have instituted significant new public policies to promote energy efficiency in the “built environment.” Many of these public policies were motivated by the same concerns that led to the pioneering voluntary initiatives of Green Building Councils (especially the LEED design c
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix

ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY PLAYBOOK Roadmaps for an Energy Productive Future

This document is a tool designed to help organizations and policymakers around the world craft their own Roadmaps—published documents that detail the economic, jobs, environmental and security benefits of doubling energy productivity—that clearly articulate a target date for doubling energy produ
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building codes Building energy codes

A statistical analysis of the energy effectiveness of building refurbishment

Owing to the rapid urban growth of past decades, the refurbishment of buildings has become a central topic of city development. A key aspect of building renovations deals with energy saving, both for economic and environmental concerns.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification

Overcoming the split incentive barrier in the building sector

A JRC workshop on split incentives organised in the framework of article 19(1)(a) of the Energy Efficiency Directive (Directive) has been organised in order to examine current solutions addressing split incentives in the building sector in Europe and beyond.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver

A framework for assessing and implementing the co-benefits of nature-based solutions in urban areas

To address challenges associated with climate resilience, health and well-being in urban areas, current policy platforms are shifting their focus from ecosystem-based to nature-based solutions (NBS), broadly defined as solutions to societal challenges that are inspired and supported by nature.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR), Nature Based Solutions

Nature-based solutions for resilient landscapes and cities

Nature-based solutions (NBS) are increasingly applied to guide the design of resilient landscapes and cities to enable them to reach economic development goals with beneficial outcomes for the environment and society.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver

National Energy Productivity Plan: Work Plan

The National Energy Productivity Plan (NEPP) is a package of measures to improve Australia’s energy productivity by 40% between 2015 and 2030. The NEPP is delivered jointly between the Australian Government and the state and territory governments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Mind the gap: A social sciences review of energy efficiency

Energy efficiency is a complex concept which is represented in diverse fields including engineering, economics, energy, computer sciences, environmental sciences, mathematics and physics.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Focused acceleration: A strategic approach to climate action in cities to 2030

There is now widespread recognition in the international community that the commitments made by national governments under the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015 cannot be achieved without concerted action by cities.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes

Mitigating Information Barrier

Overview of State Policies for Energy Efficiency in Buildings

This paper introduces the major state-level regulations and policies for improving energy efficiency in buildings. The purpose of the review is to discuss the challenges and issues in policy implementation and the latest trend in adopting innovative instruments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Lead by Example Policies Lost Revenue Adjustment Mechanism (LRAM) Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) one-stop shops for home renovations Building energy codes

Implementing sustainability in the built environment

This report presents the outcomes of a pilot study exploring how the building and planning system is delivering a sustainable built environment in Australia.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes

Bridging the Gap - Role of energy efficiency

Since 2010, United Nations Environment (UNEP) has produced annual Emissions Gap Reports based on requests by countries for an independent scientific assessment of how actions and pledges by countries affect the global greenhouse gas emissions trend, and how this compares to emissions trajectories
    Policy Group(s):
  • Mitigating Information Barrier

ENERGY IN BUILDINGs: 50 BEST PRACTICE INITIATIVES

The Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) commissioned Energy in Buildings: 50 Best Practice Initiatives as a practical, user-friendly resource for property owners and managers, hoping that this will lead to greater awareness and implementation of initiatives across the property industry to red
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • decoupling Building codes Building energy codes

Internal and external barriers to energy efficiency: which role for policy interventions?

This paper reviews the empirical literature that provides a correlation between the different barriers to energy efficiency and consumer behavior related to two domains.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Urban Efficiency: A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities

A Global Survey of Building Energy Efficiency Policies in Cities is a resource for city officials around the world as they design new policies for building energy efficiency, or review existing ones.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Display Energy Certificate (DEC) Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes

Driving Transformation to Energy Efficient Buildings, Policies and Actions: 2nd Edition

The UN Sustainable Energy for All initiative aims to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030.i Efficient buildings are vital to achieving sustainable development because they align economic, social, and environmental objectives, creating triple bottom line benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income

The Operating Expense Puzzle of U.S. Green Office Buildings

Cost savings from efficiency gains are at the core of the green building business case. Significantly lower energy bills are said to be a major factor in the green rent premium observed in earlier studies.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Policy Mix, Labelling and Certification

Energy poverty policies and measures in 5 EU countries: A comparative study

Energy Poverty (EP) is the inability to attain a socially and materially necessitated level of domestic energy services. In the EU this occurs primarily due to low incomes, poor energy performance of buildings and high energy costs.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes

In 2009, the European Union adopted high-level goals for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and greenhouse gas reductions with targets set toward the year 2020.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Building energy codes Energy Efficiency Obligations

How to reduce household carbon emissions: A review of experience and policy design considerations

Global warming and environment problems caused by the excessive emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs), along with rapid economic development has attracted the attention of many countries and regions of the world. Reducing GHG emissions is essential to mitigate the threat of global warming.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) deep renovation Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Policy Mix Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes

How Much? The Cost of Alleviating Fuel Poverty

Tackling fuel poverty requires significant capital investment, but it is also important to ensure that measures are directed at those who most need them in order to optimise the outcomes with regard to policy objectives.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier

From Brown to Green: SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS IN LEGACY CITIES

The research examines the installation of sustainable (green) property development, typified by Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification in legacy cities in comparison to non-legacy cities.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Building codes Building energy codes

Multiple benefits of investing in energy efficient renovation of buildings

The work carried out by Copenhagen Economics for the Renovate Europe Campaign broke new ground in the debate around the benefits of investing in energy efficiency and has, in several ways, advanced the EU agenda in this topic.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

Unlocking the Inclusive Growth Story of the 21st Century: Accelerating Climate Action in Urgent Times

Pricing carbon and moving toward mandatory disclosure of climate-related financial risks, as part of a broader policy package. Accelerating investment in sustainable infrastructure, supported by clear national and sub-national strategies and programmes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS)

Energy efficiency as a means to expand energy access: A Uganda roadmap

While energy efficiency can contribute significantly towards improving access to modern energy services, energy sector investments in many developing countries have largely focused on increasing energy access by increasing supply.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

Why do homeowners renovate energy efficiently? Contrasting perspectives and implications for policy

This paper contrasts two perspectives on energy efficient home renovations from applied behavioural research on energy efficiency and from sociological research on homes and domestic life.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Marketing and Information Campaigns one-stop shops for home renovations

Analysis of the transition effects of building codes and regulations on the emergence of a low carbon residential building sector

It is now established that energy use in buildings is a significant source of global greenhouse gas emissions and that abatement by the building sector can provide significant social, economic and environmental benefits.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Dynamic Pricing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY RATING SCHEMES

This project, “International Review of Residential Building Energy Efficiency Rating Schemes”, is the fifth project in a series of work conducted through the Building Energy Efficiency Task Group (BEET), under the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix Building codes Building energy codes

Saving energy is not easy: An impact assessment of Dutch policy to reduce the energy requirements of buildings

The Dutch Government stimulates the application of energy efficiency measures to reduce the energy requirements of buildings, which are responsible for about 20% of the Dutch CO2 emissions. For our assessment, we followed a qualitative approach, due to a lack of data.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energiesprong Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

REVIEW OF COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ENERGY SAVINGS: Task 1 Report ‘Energy Savings 2030’

This report is the first report of the ‘Energy Savings 2030’-project which seeks to help the Coalition for Energy Savings to produce a robust and timely input to the 2030 policy discussion.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) one-stop shops for home renovations Building Codes

The Macroeconomic and Other Benefits of Energy Efficiency

This report sets out the positive and negative impacts of improvements in energy efficiency in buildings that could come about through a recast of the Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD).
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Building codes Building energy codes

A statistical analysis of the energy effectiveness of building refurbishment

Owing to the rapid urban growth of past decades, the refurbishment of buildings has become a central topic of city development. A key aspect of building renovations deals with energy saving, both for economic and environmental concerns.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification

A framework for assessing and implementing the co-benefits of nature-based solutions in urban areas

To address challenges associated with climate resilience, health and well-being in urban areas, current policy platforms are shifting their focus from ecosystem-based to nature-based solutions (NBS), broadly defined as solutions to societal challenges that are inspired and supported by nature.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR), Nature Based Solutions

The Relevance of Green Building Practice in Emerging Markets: A Perceptual Analysis of Commercial and Industrial Building Users in Ibadan, Nigeria

In this study, we examine the operational challenges of existing green building related features/systems to develop hypotheses about factors that will increase the demand for green buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energy Audit and Assessment Marketing and Information Campaigns

Role of knowledge and policies as drivers for low-energy housing: Case studies from the United Kingdom

Addressing housing-related energy consumption and emissions is a challenge in many countries. Low-energy housing, e.g. whole house retrofits and zero-energy new houses, is still rare in the United Kingdom, yet very much required to reduce emissions.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Energiesprong Policy Mix Retrofitting

ADDRESSING FINANCIAL OBJECTIONS TO SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

This article provides useful information that could help you address some barriers to sustainable initiatives: Every executive that you speak to is aware that data can be manipulated and may be skeptical of studies conducted by organizations that could benefit from a particular set of results.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Policy Mix Building codes

Boosting building renovation: An overview of good practices

The main aim of this report is to contribute to the exchange of good practices and to support EU MS by providing potential ideas for the elaboration of long-term renovation plans.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Lead by Example Policies Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes

Developing a methodology for the ex-post assessment of Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning in Beijing during the 12th Five-Year Plan” period

In order to carry out an ex-post assessment of the completed Building Energy Efficiency Special Planning, a comprehensive ex-post assessment methodology is established.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Building codes Building energy codes

BEST POLICY PRACTICES FOR PROMOTING ENERGY EFFICIENCY

The United Nations General Assembly declared 2014-2024 as the International Decade of Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All), following the UN Secretary General’s initiative and emphasizing the importance of energy issues for sustainable development.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Mitigating Information Barrier

Energy Efficiency – the first fuel for the EU Economy: How to drive new finance for energy efficiency investments

The Energy Efficiency Financial Institutions Group (“EFFIG”) identifies the need to engage multiple stakeholder groups, scale-up the use of several financial instruments within a clear and enforced “carrot and stick” legislative framework.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Policy Mix Building energy codes

Key Issues in Buildings Energy Efficiency Programs

The EU and Australia have instituted significant new public policies to promote energy efficiency in the “built environment.” Many of these public policies were motivated by the same concerns that led to the pioneering voluntary initiatives of Green Building Councils (especially the LEED design c
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Policy Mix

ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY PLAYBOOK Roadmaps for an Energy Productive Future

This document is a tool designed to help organizations and policymakers around the world craft their own Roadmaps—published documents that detail the economic, jobs, environmental and security benefits of doubling energy productivity—that clearly articulate a target date for doubling energy produ
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building codes Building energy codes

The social return on investment in the energy efficiency of buildings in Germany

The German government has developed a variety of policy instruments intended to reduce national CO2 emissions. These instruments include a programme administered by KfW bank, which aims at improving the energy efficiency of buildings.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF)

NATIONAL ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY PLAN: ANNUAL REPORT

This Annual Report covers the second in a 15-year plan and shows that the NEPP has continued to progress well. Throughout 2017, measures across the work plan have advanced and many have achieved significant outcomes.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

Policy Challenges for the Built Environment: The Dilemma of the Existing Building Stock

The built environment accounts for approximately forty percent of the total energy consumption in developed countries. Because buildings have a long life, the greatest opportunity for energy reduction in the built environment will come from energy conservation in the existing building stock.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Labelling and Certification Building Code Economic incentives Marketing and Information Campaigns

Mind the gap: A social sciences review of energy efficiency

Energy efficiency is a complex concept which is represented in diverse fields including engineering, economics, energy, computer sciences, environmental sciences, mathematics and physics.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Green Deal or Third-party Financing (TPF) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

The international implications of national and local coordination on building energy codes: Case studies in six cities

Building energy efficiency is an important strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions globally. In fact, 55 countries have included building energy efficiency in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Dynamic Pricing Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Lead by Example Policies Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building energy codes

System dynamics modeling for urban energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A case study of Beijing, China

It is clear that city must be part of the solution if an urbanizing world is to grapple successfully with ecological challenges such as energy depletion and climate change.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking deep renovation Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Marketing and Information Campaigns Building codes Building energy codes

A comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in China: status quo and development perspective

This article is concerned with a comprehensive analysis of building energy efficiency policies in light of improvements in energy performance, living standards and climate change mitigation in China's built environment.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building codes Building energy codes

Cost optimal building performance requirements

In the recast Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) adopted in May 2010, a benchmarking mechanism for national energy performance requirements was introduced.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Building energy codes

Energy efficiency obligation schemes: their future in the EU

EU member states have been encouraged to introduce energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOS) to help meet energy saving objectives. As a result, there are now 15 EU EEOS in existence, compared with just six prior to the introduction of the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR),

Energy consumption and efficiency in buildings: current status and future trends

The building sector is considered as the biggest single contributor to world energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, a good understanding of the nature and structure of energy use in buildings is crucial for establishing the adequate future energy and climate change policies.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) Marketing and Information Campaigns energy audits and assessments

The path towards buildings energy efficiency in South American countries

Nowadays, energy efficiency (EE) is presented as a reliable strategy towards sustainable development, but its application has not been developed equitably worldwide, since most EE policies have been implemented in industrialised nations, and developing countries are still in the process of improv
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes decoupling Energiesprong Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Building codes

National Energy Productivity Plan: Work Plan

The National Energy Productivity Plan (NEPP) is a package of measures to improve Australia’s energy productivity by 40% between 2015 and 2030. The NEPP is delivered jointly between the Australian Government and the state and territory governments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking community or neighbourhood renovation schemes comparative billing and on-bill financing programmes Demand-Side Management (DSM) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) Labelling and Certification Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes

Handbook of Sustainable Building Policies

A practical decision support pack to aid policy makers and experts in developing countries.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification

Trajectory for Low Energy Buildings - Infrastructure and Customer Impacts

Proposed changes flowing from the former Council of Australian Government’s Trajectory for Low Energy Buildings project1 (the trajectory) are expected to reduce annual electricity consumption of new and refurbished residential and commercial premises by 36 TWh by 2050, compared to current standar
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Document
  • Benchmarking Demand-Side Management (DSM) Building codes

Heterogeneous Price Premiums in Sustainable Real Estate? An Investigation of the Relation between Value and Price Premiums

Focusing on the voluntary LEED and ENERGY STAR environmental certification schemes in the United States, we investigate whether price premiums exist across all building value categories or are localized to specific value segments.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Capital accumulation
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • India’s Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Building codes Building energy codes

Focused acceleration: A strategic approach to climate action in cities to 2030

There is now widespread recognition in the international community that the commitments made by national governments under the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015 cannot be achieved without concerted action by cities.
    Policy Group(s):
  • Investment Driver
  • Mitigating Information Barrier
  • Accrued Disposable Income
  • Document
  • Benchmarking community or neighbourhood renovation schemes Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Energy Audit and Assessment Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) Labelling and Certification Lead by Example Policies Marketing and Information Campaigns Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) Building codes Building energy codes

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